We explain in this article of the encyclopedia Why do scales differ between types of fish? Fishes represent one of the most important types of vertebrates, as vertebrate types include five types, in addition to fishes, including birds, amphibians, mammals and reptiles, and fishes include thousands of species that exceed 30 species and take advantage of their ability to live. in the seas, rivers and lakes, where they live in all types of water bodies, in addition to the ability to adapt to different temperatures, since some species live in the frozen waters of the Arctic.
And other types of them live in the warm waters of tropical environments, and the fishes differ among themselves based on color and size, as they include various colors such as bright colors found in ornamental fish, and in size there are large sizes such as sharks and small ones that do not exceed 2 cm in length.
Why do scales differ between types of fish?
In addition to the difference in color and size of fish, fish differ among themselves in their scales depending on factors affecting the change of fish scales, and these factors include the following:
- environmental factor.
- Consider the conditions surrounding the fish.
- fish type factor.
- Factor in the water type of seas, lakes and rivers.
Information on fish scales
- The scales cover the body of the fish from the outside, except for the head, which is not covered with scales. The scales include many types, including thick scales that cover the body of the beaked fish. .
- There are also sharp scales like shark scales, as well as smooth scales like carp.
- Other types of fish scales include scalloped scales, habit scales, and comb scales.
- The importance of scales to fish is to protect them from exposure to collision or injury.
- These scales also protect fish from various diseases and bacterial infections.
- Other benefits of fish scales include the fact that they aid in hunting and locomotion, as well as adaptation to the surrounding environment.
- Scales are also the main ingredient for adding color to fish.
Fish scale colors
Fish scales include a variety of colors, the most important of which are:
- The coppery color resembles the scales of a cod.
- The red color is like the scales of the Abu Lulu fish.
- The brown color resembles the scales of the Najel fish.
- The silver color resembles salmon scales.
- The milky color is like the scales of a hare fish.
- White color mixed with black and orange dots like Vasker fish scales.
- The yellow color mixed with black dots like the scales of a catfish.
The benefits of fish scales for human health
Consuming fish scales has many health benefits, including the following:
- Rich in vitamin A, which promotes eye health.
- Helps promote heart health.
- Helps reduce chronic asthma.
- Works to treat rheumatoid arthritis.
- It works to boost immunity.
- Promotes brain health.
They have a backbone in their body and therefore belong to vertebrates.
- It includes some species of invertebrates, including shrimp, crabs, squid, octopus, jellyfish, sponges, and worms.
- They depend on the gills to breathe in oxygen and release carbon dioxide.
- It includes species belonging to cold-blooded fish that lose their ability to control their internal temperature.
- It includes cold-blooded species like the whale.
- Fish have the ability to hold their breath underwater for up to 60 minutes.
- Fishes include species that belong to mammals and depend on gillless respiration.
- Fish have streamlined bodies that allow them to swim.
- Fish contain a buoyant pump in their body that allows them to float in water, and a buoyant pump contains gas inside entirely.
- Fish have fins that include pectoral and pelvic fins that help balance them while swimming.
- Fish tend to hide when moving to a new tank.
- The fish reproduce with eggs, after the sperm released by the males fertilize the eggs released by the females.
- You don’t have the ability to live out of water.
kinds of fish
Below we show you the types of fish according to the ranks:
rank of scribes
Cephalopods are characterized by their small mouth size, but they do not have jaws, and the fish of the order live in salty bodies of water, and the most prominent examples of this order are hagfishes.
- Lampreys are characterized by the large size of their mouths and lack of jaws, and the fish of this order live in salty bodies of water, and the order of this type of fish lives parasitically on other marine organisms.
- One of the most striking examples of the lamprey order is the lamprey.
- Stingrays are distinguished by their flattened bodies and spiky tails. Stingrays belong to the class of bony fish.
- The most striking examples of this type of order are the rays.
order of crustaceans
- This order lives in salt water, is a predatory species and belongs to the class of cartilaginous fish.
- One of the most prominent examples of this type is the great white shark.
- This order lives in bodies of fresh water like rivers and breathes through the lungs.
- One of the most striking examples of this order is the lungfish.
- Among the larger ranks that include multiple species, the number ranges from 8,000 to 10,000 species.
- Among the most striking examples of species of this order: mackerel, bass.
- They fall into the category of bony fish, as their bodies have bony plates, and they are characterized by their small size.
- One of the most prominent examples of this order is the sea scorpion.
Classification of forms of love
- It has dorsal fins and lives in salt water bodies, and includes species that have the ability to generate electrical energy.
- One of the most prominent examples of this order is the anglerfish.
- It lives at the deepest level below sea level and is characterized by its ability to generate electricity.
- One of the most prominent examples of this order is the lighthouse fish.
- It does not live independently, but with large groups, and has a flattened body, and its bodies are covered with silvery scales.
- The most prominent examples of this order are the anchovies and the charbel.
Order of the Chimeras
- It has a pointed tail and belongs to the class of cartilaginous fish.
- One of the most prominent examples of this type of order is the chimera fish.
- It is distinguished by the spines that cover its body, and it is a scaleless order, and includes species that contain poisonous substances within it.
- One of the most prominent examples of this type of sunfish.
- It differs from other ranks in the method of breathing, as it includes a special breathing apparatus.
- Among the most striking examples of this type: the head of the serpent.
- An order without pectoral and pelvic fins, it also includes scaleless species, and it is so called because it resembles a snake in shape.
- Among the most striking examples of this order: the eels.
And so we made you understand Why do scales differ between types of fish? In addition to the most important information about fish scales and their benefits for human health, in addition to the characteristics and types of fish.
To learn more, you can follow the following in the complete Arabic encyclopedia:
Find fish and the most important information about them
Which of the following fish is an example of a cartilaginous fish?
Do deep-dwelling fish need a swim bladder or not?
What is the function of the lateral line apparatus in fish?
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